The Flowering Of Ireland lI had planned to only read Electra and Ajax but I enjoyed those too so much that I decided to read all four of the plays Ajax Electra Women of Trachis and Philoctetes These plays by ancient Greek drama great Sophocles delves into the privateives and crises of the heroes and villains of the Trojan War and Greek mythology especially their children and spouses In this edition the Lullaby The Sand Maiden 1 language is written in free verse and is easy to understand Theanguage is emotional at times pleasant sarcastic and occasionally even there s a glimmer of humor At the end there is a small section of notes for each play Sophocleshe is great The two volume edition of all of Sophocles plays by Grene Latti is one of the bes out there better than Delphi s collection This second volume contains Electra one of my favourite plays ever 57 Sophocles II Ajax The Women of Trachis Electra Philoctetes The Complete Greek Tragediestranslated 1957format 255 page paperback 20th printing of a 1969 edition printed in 1989 acuired May read Aug 31 Sep 5rating 4 stars There is something special about Sophocles relative to the other two preserved tragedy playwrights David Grene says he is the most modern the nearest to us of three Greek tragedians What I think sets him apart is the power of the Hallo Claudia Claudia 1 language itself I know I m reading this in translation but Sophocles manages to make striking notes with short phrases over and over again through his playsThese four range uite a wide spectrum of his styles The Women of Trachis stands out as being unusually wordy It s considered immature and it was the one Iiked the east although it has it s memorable aspects The other three are each a masterwork in some way Ajax 440 bce translated by John MooreWhen Achilles died his armor was supposed to go to the best warrior But Odysseus manipulated the process and won the armor Ajax truly the best warrior committed suicide in humiliation The manner in how he does this varies in different stories and Sophocles could chose his preferred version for the dramaIn this version Ajax sets out to kill Agamemnon Menelaus and Odysseus but Athena plays a trick on his mind Instead of attaching the men he attacks sheep thinking they are these men He captures and tortures them gloats and kills them and then passes out Upon awaking he is fully humiliated The play is about how he bears itI found Ajax the character magnificent He must come to terms with what he has actually done and what to do about it and about his wife and son and brother Teucer He rocks with grief then feeling he has no choice but to kill himself must give his family an affectionate goodbye while concealing it from them their servants and the entire audience In the Homeric story Ajax may well represent the most ancient aspects of Greek history His full bodied shield is antiuated even for the supposed time period of the bronze age Trojan War and also for weaponry used within the epic He is a relic from an older time preserved He is an archetype silent both in his stoicism and because he in some ways defies words I ike to think Sophocles knew this even if he didn t have the word archetype within his vocabulary and that he captures elements of this hereUnfortunately we Gore lose Ajax halfway through the play and the play must go on without its best characterThe Women of Trachis 450 bce translated by Michael JamesonIn the tradition apparently Deianiraong suffering wife of Heracles has had enough when Heracles falls for his captive the young Iole She sends him a poisoned gift Sophocles twist is to make her innocent She intends to send him a potion from Moderne Hekserij Wicca Portret Van Een Natuurreligie long ago that would make Heracles onlyove her and no one else She doesn t realize it s actually poison Sophocles does some interesting things with Heracles too The play seemed wordy to me and Lucrarea Iubirii lacked the magicalines Sophocles creates in his other plays And being a Greek tragedy it was a bit over the top with the melodrama Not my favorite obviouslyElectra 409 bce translated by David GreneElectra is a brilliant if understated play with Louisa May Alcott little action Grene appreciates this in his intro and translation He wasn t able to create the same magic Anne Carson does with her translation and I don t think he felt and understood Electra the character as well as Carson does But still this play has aot of ife in his translation too I reviewed Anne Carson s translation HEREPhiloctetes 409 bce translated by David GreneThis was a great play to end with It is interesting and curious Philoctetes a master bowman from the Iliad who uses Heracles s bow was bitten by a snake in the foot Then he was dumped alone on the island of Lemnos by the Greek eadership namely Agamemnon Menelaus and Odysseus But the prophecy says that Philoctetes of Lemnos by the Greek The Threat leadership namely Agamemnon Menelaus and Odysseus But the prophecy says that Philoctetes his bow are needed to defeat Troy He has to come back and fight for those who punished himIn the play it s Odysseus and a young Neoptolemus son of dead Achilles are sent to bring him to Troy Odysseus plays a hard game opening the play by manipulating the still pure and honorable Neoptolemus He knows it must be Neoptolemus who convinces Philoctetes to join through is own apparent integrity and honor It is you who must help me he tells him and then advises him to Say what you will against me do not spare anythingThings mostly go as planned Neoptolemus wins the elder Philoctetes over completely but the respect is mutual Odysseus sets the trap captures the bow and waits for Philoctetes to finally give in but Neoptolemus undermines it all returning the bow to Philoctetes It s only when Heracles himself appears in god form that Philoctetes relents and comes to Troy Odysseus controls everyone neveretting on about his true plans But his machinations don "t capture the audience much as Philoctetes does It s hard not to ike this desperate and "capture the audience as much as Philoctetes does It s hard not to ike this desperate and disgusting and unkempt survivor The conversation between Philoctetes and Neoptolemus is moving When Philoctetes is betrayed he reveals that he has no god to turn to They are all against him Caverns and headlands dens of wild creatures you jutting broken crags to you I raise my cry there is no one else that I can speak to And ater screaming at Odysseus Hateful creature what things you can invent You plead the Gods to screen your actions and make the Gods out iars This is Sophocles uietly damning the Gods himselfA The Presence Of The Past last note about his play These plays were restricted to three actors and a chorus When Heracles appears Neoptolemus is on stage with Philoctetes Which means the actor who plays Heracles is the same one who plays Odysseus and the audience would know this So was it Heracles or wink wink was it really Odysseus putting in hisast trickThis collection finishes my incomplete run through these tragedies I read all of Aeschylus and Sophocles and most of Euripides Of three playwrights Sophocles was easily my favorite I see him as the gem the full master of Culture And The Death Of God language creatingiving breathing experiences within the restrictive constraints of the form The standout is the Philoktetes which is a nice Arthurian Romances Unrepresented In Malorys Morte Darthur little piece to use as a heuristic for Hegel s theory of tragedy insofar as Right comes into confrontation with Right and about which I have written separately Otherwise AiasAccused of an act of staggering horror 22 Aias has aimed a stroke at the whole Greek army 44 a stasis in the camp at Troy Athena here recalls Aeschylus Prometheus Bound asking Who was full of foresight that this man Or abler do you think to act with judgment 119 20 Odysseusaments Aias Terrible yoke of blindness 123 finding in it the true state of all us that Sie Bauten Die Ersten Tempel live 125 Some condemnation of those who weave with false art a supposititious tale 190 Indeed how shall I speak a thing that appalls my speech 214 Aias is alledegly clear in mind 258 and yet anguish totally masters him 275 The play comments on its own construction how at the start did this catastrophe swoop down 282 3 pointing out that the catastrophe supposedly ends the tragedy ateast in the Los Illuminati later definitions of Aristotle Freytag and others Aias apparently believes that a woman s decency is silence 295 and crying is marks of an abject spirit 320 The oikos as private abattoir as in Aeschylus 345 His defect is perceived atimia but now in dishonor Iie abject 425 my name is Aias agony is its meaning 431 2 nor ess deserving yet am eft an outcast shamed by the Greeks to perish 439 40 Tecmessa invokes Homeric moments in Andromache s plea. The Penn Greek Drama Series presents original iterary translations of the entire corpus of classical Greek drama tragedies comedies satyr plays It's the only contemporary series of all the surviving work of Aeschylus Sophocles Euripides Aristophanes Menander A boon for classicists general readers alike For the reader who comes to tragedy for the 1st time these translations are eminently accessibleFor the classicist these versions constitute an ambitious reint. Ias The vocative when speaking to him would ve sounded ike aiai the Greek exclamation In this play following Ajax s final day after a prophesy comes he will kill himself he certainly Conjunctions lives up to that After this one day the time for his fate to come will expire and he mayive Ajax dies upon a Trojan sword on Trojan ground but he has placed it himself Tecmessa Ajax s wife and war bride plays a much wider role in this than expected she garners respect in contrast to the expectations for war brides Yet she still has a fragile role The conseuences for her if Ajax dies are not just Dominated By Her Stepbrother losing him butosing everything His son Eurysaces would be considered illegitimate indeed this is the fate of his half brother Teucer The contrast between him and Teucer is also interesting while Teucer is an archer associated with cowards Paris and tricksters Odysseus Ajax is a straight shooting fighter But the deception speech to Tecmessa complicates this using arrow imagery around his upcoming death The breaks in convention are notable the play breaks typical narrative structure the Menemukanmu location shifts the choruseaves and comes back and Ajax dies on stage rather than off Notable Lines John Moore translationCHORUS Strangely the Boarding School Girls long countless drift of time brings all things forth from darkness intoight 646AJAX My speech is womanish for this woman s sake 652 Electra Sophocles unkReviewed here Women of Trachis There is something about Greek Shango literature Sophocles and Homer most especially that buries itself in the mind so that it remains unforgettable The moaning groaning wailing and suffering becomes your own heart s speech It s than aittle eerie to identify so well with ancient mythological figures but their grief and agony articulate the distant voices of the collective unconscious Perhaps I m easy to please but I found all the plays in this edition extraordinarily compelling My favorites are the Ajax and Philoctetes about two great warriors fallen ow so exuisitely ow that their contemplations of suicide become existential commentaries on the significance of ife Like the ancient Greek audiences most readers who choose this book already know the basic plots of each play but there are surprising turns in the anguage and in the nuanced depiction of the characters In general I was surprised how much hate is directed at Odysseus although I felt a A God In The Shed little sorry for him in the Ajax And even though he is hard and tricky in Philoctetes Odysseus who at one point says What I seek in everything is to win is simply obeying the gods directives in deceiving the maimed and suffering hero out of his famous bow The agony is monumental in each play Ajax suffers as a result of his wounded pride and shame Deianira unwittingly becomes the cause of her husband Heracles physical torment and death Electra s moaning is the result of herong enduring desire to revenge her father s murder and Philoctetes physical torment from a festering odiferous wound results in his ten year abandonment on a desert island All the plays express human truths and reveal Sophocles great understanding of the behavior that results from a human mind and heart after intense trauma It seems that Ajax has the We Went Looking line that speaks for all No none to ease my pain For God s sake help me die Death it seems is the only cessation to suffering It s very sad that from 123 plays written by the great master of Greek Tragedies Sophocles only 7 complete plays survivedIn this collection we know how Sophocles can make a great drama from a small tiny event as in Ajax We know he is the real master of The Greek tragedies compared to Aeschylus and Euripides reading his version of Electra We know his charm in presenting characters even if they are silent with only two sentences Iole in Women of Trachis Finally we see in a Greek play a well presented psychological struggle Neoptolemus in PhiloctetesIiked all his seven plays complete works which is very rareHere s my review about each play Note This is a joint review with Jean Paul Sartre s The Flies which is in his Two Plays with In Camera being the secondAlthough there are four plays in this book I didn t get much out of the first one as I began it so jumped across and just decided to read Electra I found this very interesting for the use of deception to give oneself an advantage about the situation one is entering before admitting one s alliance with another But this is an example given by the gods in some plays just as it is with humans in others Here we have Athena reporting to Odysseus oops that s the Ajax story Let that one go it is just that I then went on to reading Sartre s The Flies and he uses Zeus with Orestes Electra and Clytemnestra in his play whereas Sophocles has Orestes Electra and her sister Chrysothemus with a reference to a dead sister who is unnamed but sacrificed by their father for a transgression he made against a god This seems to be partly why the wife Clytemnestra decides to have an affair with another man who kills him and becomes king beside
But this new king also sent her young son off to be killed but those charged with the task could not bring themselves to kill the boy and thus Orestes is believed to still be alive by the oyal daughter Electra wishing for vengeance for her fathers demise In both plays Electra is portrayed as an outcast of sorts in her own home Because she is so outspoken about the death of her father she has been imprisoned by her mother in the palace in Sophocles or treated as a slave doing menial tasks all year in Sartre but allowed to be a show princess for the Day of the Dead which Zeus rules and thus his presence The ancient play uses a chorus to act as the voice of the common people and as the voice of conscience which backs up Electra She trusts them and they expect that she will eventually see through the plan she has to free them all from the tyrant and the false ueenSartre on the other hand has Electra caught in the same chimera as the townfolk who are all deceived by the King s annual pageant of drawing forth the ghosts of the dead to shroud them all in shadows Although Electra knows of
Her But This New King
This Farce When Her Brotherfarce when her brother up and carries out the deed which she has ong hoped he would do she goes into shock over his actions and denies her own complicity in it Although she takes 15 years in dreaming of the return of her brother Orestes to take revenge when he arrives he is not the type of character she has envisioned Instead he appears as a pacifist from his easy upbringing away from the social milieu of his home town He tells Electra that there is another way to ive not as a promising fantasy but as a reality he has already experienced She uses this image to spur herself on and claim that she will do the deed if he is not strong enough But when her passion ignites compassion within him and he transforms into the character she expected him to be she then pulls back again and doubts that it was indeed justice to follow throughThus we have uite different issues arising from the same story And these issues are about the society within which the plays themselves were written and performed The one is merely the carrying out of destiny or what has been prescribed to be the remedy for a particular transgression against a family and its society The other is the freeing up from prescription for choice to be made based upon one s own principles and one s own interpretation of them And this is determined to be a higher ideal than iving by prescriptionbut the real uestion is who is writing the script For Orestes makes much of his own freedom then sways and responds to the terms his sister seems to place upon him Yes he can change his mind But what is the real basis then for his decisions and actions Is freedom enough of an "ideal that it overrides being influenced by others who do not seem to know of et "that it overrides being influenced by others who do not seem to know of et believe in such an ideal It is an interesting twist in this play But it is a twist which also demonstrates the power within the individual to work through their own stance on issues And it is the acceptance within oneself of the conseuences of one s own thinking and choices and actions Rather than awaiting the judgement of any other the judgment made of oneself is the force by which all forward movement can occur And then it becomes an invitation to others to also step clear of their own shadows and doubts and find their own freedom als. In translation' New Yorker Don't Dsusaga Konan Me Gulu Tskuna look for the wild woolly these were put together by wordsmithsBut they are a far cry from some of the stodgier translations Washington Post The 12 volume set will offer readers new verse translations of the complete surviving tragedies of Aeschylus Sophocles Euripides as well as the surviving comedies of Aristophanes Menander The completeine of Greek theater classics has not been offered to readers since 1938 Publishers Weekl. ,
FREE DOWNLOAD ½ BUSINESSCURRENCY.CO.UK ç Sophocles,
To Hektor 498 ff and Priam s appeal to Achilles 507 ff ignorance is an evil free from pain 555 the disjunction of aesthetics and gnosis Murder changes to suicide He swooned in death this sword Hector gave Aias who perished on it with a death fraught fall Did not a Fury beat this weapon out 1032 4 Destinies of men for the gods weave them all 1038 Denial burial follows a familiar difficulty but aws will never be rightly kept in a city that knows no fear or reverence 1073 4 This metaphor which Menelaus seeks to apply to the army at Troy violates the constitution thereof didn t he make the voyage here on his own as his own master 1099 1100 A religious affront also in preventing the burial 1131 One of Aias complaints had been against Menelaus procuring fraudulent votes 1135 a democratic concept in this aristocratic myth how fugitive is the gratitude men owe the dead 1261 2 Odysseus as the voice of reason on the burial issue I hated him while it was fair to hate 1347 his greatness weighs than my hate 1357 The burial is Ananke 1365 Odysseus resolves to be Aias friend in death 1377 cf the Antigone for the handling of this issue here it is not a polis and thus not a stasis ergo no need to take sides in a fight and no need for amnestia thereafter No violations of the rules here means no reciprocal punishments reuired TrachiniaeDeianira opens by channeling Solon from Herodotus You cannot know a man s The Lesser Evil life before the man has died then only can you call it good or bad 2 3 and then insists that despite being alive herife is heavy and sorrowful 5 She Pirates Of Savannah laments that Heracles war against the chthonians has been difficult This has been hisife that only brings him home to send him out again to serve some man or other 34 5 the oikos placed at the service of the polis She is advised if it is proper that the free should earn from the thought of slaves 52 3 that she should use her sons to sound out the absent father This woman is a slave but what she says is worthy of the free 62 3 His atest resulted in his own taking of slaves he selected them when he sacked the city of Eurytus as possessions for himself and a choice gift for the Gods 244 5 The war resulted from Heracles wanting revenge for his own reduction to servitude 255 et se Others argue that The Mistress love alone who bewitched him into this violence 355 inflamed with desire 368 It is that her city was completely crushed through desire for her 431 2 Though he has had other women before 460 it is un decidable whether he suffers from this sickness or that woman 446 7 the same undecidability as in Garcia Maruez s Love in the Time of Cholera and elsewhere apparently a common refrain becoming arguably foundational the often we trip over it eros asess a solicitation of the constitutional order but a solicitation that is the constitutional order Thereafter follows a Slam Sanat lover s revenge poisoning plot for this Justice who punishes and the Fury will reuite you 808 9 Heracles himself appearsate in the play Ksiga Karpackich Zbjnikw lamenting theovecraftian problem of confronting this inexorable flowering of madness 999 His grievance is not unwarranted O most ungrateful of the Greeks where are all you for whom I destroyed myself purging so many beasts from all the seas and woods 1011 13 His torment is a woven encircling net of the Furies 1051 2 Neither the spear of battle not the army of the earth born Giants nor the violence of beasts nor Greece nor any place of barbarous tongues not the Marijuana Medical landsi came to purify could ever do this woman a female in no wayike a man she alone without even a sword has brought me down 1058 63 Long ago my father revealed to me that I should die by nothing that draws breath but by someone dead an inhabitant of Hell 1159 61 ElektraAn euivocation of justice 37 and revenge 34 no word is base when spoken with profit 61 Orestes comes as purifier to his father s oikos 68 9 Elektra angry that I For You like some dishonored foreigner I tenant in my father s house in these ugly rags 188 9 Atreides have problems back to Pelops ateast for never a moment since has destruction and ruin ever Dark Chase Gunrunner 2 left this house 510 2 the oikos as bearer of the curse For her part Clytemnestra thinks justice it was that took him 527 citing specifically the sacrifice of Iphigenia a matter of the oikos justice ergo a matter of household concern hence coinciding without remainder in vendetta Reading theock 932 must I then follow your conception "of justice 1038 which is to yield authority 396 Tragic dilemma in it is "justice 1038 which is to yield to authority 396 dilemma in it is to speak well and be wrong 1039 no body of Orestes except in fiction 1217 spare me all superfluity of speech 1288 Matricide is in the oikos but resounds in the polis 1400 ff must this house by absolute necessity see the evils of the Pelopidae 1497 And yet justice shall be taken directly on all who act above the Unholy Love law justice by killing 1505 7 I ve only read one Sophocles tragedy before Antigone but that was top rate so my expectations were high Sophocles didn t disappoint these were very entertaining and interesting plays that still have relevance 2500 years after they were writtenWomen of Trachis told the story of Heracles suicide by funeral pyre I was pretty unfamiliar with the mythos around Heracles so the twists and turns of the story managed to surprise me Not badAjax was the best of these four plays Ajax was a hero of the Trojan war who got royally pissed when Achilles weapons were handed to Odysseus instead of him So pissed in fact that he decides to torture kill all theeaders of the expedition Sounds reasonable to me Athene casts a confusion over him so Ajax ends up killing only pack animals When Ajax realizes his error he gets ashamed of his actions not the torture killing bit but the fact that he killed helpless animals which is unbecoming of a warrior He gets so ashamed in fact that he decides to kill himself Once again most reasonable Efaq Diwan 6 logicThe play has unusual structure Ajax s suicide happens in the middle of the play and then the story turns into Antigone part 2 for the rest of the play the conflict revolves around the burial of Ajax Odysseus acts as a voice of reason so the play ends on a ofess peaceful noteIn Philoctetes on the other hand Odysseus is depicted as a crafty and amoral manipulator According to a prophecy the Trojan war can t be won without Philoctetes and his invincible bow Odysseus comes up with a deceitful plan to get Philo back to Troy The only trouble is that he drafts young Neoptolemy to The Beast lure Philoctetes but Neo feels sorry for the poor man and decides to come clean and confess the whole plot Philoctetes decides to have nothing to do with the whole war Greeks be damned but changes suddenly his mind afteriteral deus ex machina Heracles descends from Olympos to tell Philoctetes to stop his whining and get back on board with the war business Philoctetes obeys and the play ends happily Zero suicides zero murders Extremely unexpectedWith Electra we get back on the proper Greek tragedy track here we have murders aplenty This play tells the same story as The Libation Bearers by Aeschylus Sophocles focuses on Electra than Orestes The most interesting bit was the dialogue between Electra and her sister Crysothemis They are both Del Miedo A La Igualdad living with their murderous mother who they both hate but Cryso has decided to accept her fate for the time being and submit to her mother s will Therefore sheives in Eight Million Gods luxury Electra on the other hand is relentless in her hate and isn t afraid to show how much she despised her mother Thus she wears only rags and is treatedike a slave Both sisters try unsuccesfully to convert the other to their point of view The audience is Been There Done That left to draw their own conclusions as to which way is actually better Continuing the tradition of greek tragedy reviewing Sophocles is by all definitions one of the greatest playwrites of all time He focuses on the psyche and often on characters who fall by doing the right thing who define themselves by honorable traits until it kills them These plays may beess known on the whole but still pack a punch I did notice that these plays had Florida Home Grown little affect on me in comparison to certain others by Sophocles but I believe this may partially be a result of translation these translations feeless biting ess sharp direct meaning than emotionReviewed Plays from this Collection Ajax Sophocles c445 BCE from a diff volume Ajax is a man with a name that shrieks the Greeks would have called him Erpretation of traditional masterpieces Boston Book Review A speakable version of Sophocles' Philoctetes as it were after 25 years a seuel to Pound's The Women of Trachis Hugh Kenner NYT Book Review A two year project to publish the corpus of classical Greek drama in translations by an impressive array of contemporary poets It may not be ong before anyone who mentions that he is reading Sophocles in Greek can expect to be told 'Oh but you simply must read it.