Oeless hungry but confident Rebel soldiers on the far side of the potomac as they forded side of the Potomac as they forded river singing Maryland My Maryland the destiny of the Confederacy of slavery of the United States itself as one nation indivisible p 95 This brief book just 156 pages not counting notes bibliographic essay and acknowledgements describes and summarizes the Battle of Antietam well McClellan s inefficient deployment of superior forces Lee s high risk gambles in the face of heavy odds but does not go into extreme detail regarding the tactical elements of the battle Readers who are in search of exhaustive accounts of tactical decisions and of the conseuences of those decisions at the corps division brigade and regimental evel might do better to seek out works ike James Murfin s The Gleam of Bayonets 1965 or Stephen Sears s Landscape Turned Red 1983 or John Michael Priest s Antietam The Soldiers Battle 1989 McPherson s core interest rather is in how Antietam was in his reading The Battle That Changed the Course of the Civil War the book s cover subtitle In his conclusion McPherson states clearly why he feels that the bloody and incomplete Union victory at Antietam in terms of its political and diplomatic conseuences was the most crucial single engagement of the Civil War The victory at Antietam could have been decisiveBut Union armies had stymied the supreme Confederate efforts Foreign powers backed away from intervention and recognition and never again came so close to considering them Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation Northern voters chastised but did not overthrow the Republican party which forged ahead with its program to preserve the Union and give it a new birth of freedom Here indeed was a pivotal moment p 155For McPherson these factors make Antietam crucial decisive than other vital turning points of the Civil War such as Gettysburg Vicksburg and Atlanta Coming as I do from Maryland I have always considered Antietam the most important battle of the American Civil War and it is good to have exalted company The Spectrum 1930 like McPherson s in that regard Crossroads of Freedom Antietam is well illustrated with evocative photographs and engravings and the campaign and battle maps are particularly clear and helpful For the reader who wants a uick informative introduction to the Maryland Campaign and the Battle of Antietam one that neveroses sight of the vital human rights issues that underlay the entire Civil War Crossroads of Freedom is than suitable Enjoyed this a El Arbol Rojo Del Multinivel Y Las Ventas Directas lot Had read his main Civil War book but uite aong time ago Two main thoughts one controversial and one not 1 McClellan was a thorn in Lincoln s side with his constant excuses It to attack or even to move No wonder his men The Legend Of Amanda Robins loved him he kept them away from the war 2 In the eyes of contemporaries Lincoln was naive foolish and not up to guiding his country at war Now we dote on his every word My guess that history will treat Obama similarly recognizing in retrospect how good a president he was Crossroads of Freedom Antietam The Battle that Changed the Course of the Civil War explores the first year s of the wareading up to the battle of Antietam and the effects it had on the nation and the world both psychologically and politically Taking from The Game Of My Life Gary Ablett My Story letters and diaries James McPherson tells the story of Antietam and the first years of the war in such a way that at times I could feel my blood pressure rise The uote that struck me the most was from a soldier describing his experience at the battle of Antietam The truth is when bullets are whacking against tree trunks and solid shot are cracking skullsike egg shells the consuming passion in the breast of the average man is to get out of the way A good book if you want to know about the politics and strategy during the first couple of year s of the American Civil War A well written well researched and graphic history of the battle of Antietam and its impact although focused on the Dear Nancy latterMcPherson covers the battle its political and diplomatic context the bleak situation before it took place and how its outcome gave Lincoln theeverage to issue the Emancipation Proclamation and remove McClellan The narrative is compelling and very readable although the coverage of the battle itself is very brief if vivid McPherson however explains the delay between the discovery of Lee s orders and McClellan s marching of his forces as evidence of the general s caution even writing that a Confederate commander would have acted uickly but does not mention that he ordered movement within hours of discovering the papers and after checking the information via cavalry When covering John Pope s campaign McPherson writes that all evidence indicates that McClellan wanted Pope to fail although it still seems ikely that McClellan simply thought Pope would be and deserved to be defeatedA strong concise and nuanced work This slim volume offers a concise overview of the civil war through the battle for Antietam Despite the title the book spends very few pages on the battle itself However Prof McPherson does a skillful job of explaining the importance of the battle to the Union cause and issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation uick read that is the battle to the Union cause and issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation uick read that is the time. Es that became forever famous The Cornfield the Dunkard Church the West Woods and Bloody Lane Lee's battered army escaped to fight another day but Antietam was a critical victory for the Union It restored morale in the North and kept Lincoln's party in control of Congress It crushed Confederate hopes of British intervention And it freed Lincoln to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation which instantly changed the character of the warMcPherson brilliantly weaves these strands of diplomatic political and military history into a compact swift moving narrative that shows why America's bloodiest day is indeed a turning point in our history. .
Great number of books on the War but McPhers James McPherson s Antietam is so incredibly readable it really makes a great book for both Civil War scholar and novice If you Antietam is so incredibly readable it really makes a great book for both Civil War scholar and novice If you Fighting Racism In World War Ii looking for a read about the eventseading up to Antietam and its significance to the rest of the war this is definitely a great book to check out Crossing the Potomac River into Maryland Robert E Lee might well have thought of Julius Caesar crossing the Rubicon passing a point of no return As Caesar knew that taking his army into Italy proper would mark a new phase in Rome s civil war so Lee knew that John Rawls leading his Confederate Army of Northern Virginia onto Union soil he could noonger claim to be simply defending his country from invasion he was now an invader himself The Maryland Campaign that had its bloody climax at the Battle of Antietam was truly one of the pivotal moments not just of Civil War history but of American history generally and James McPherson tells the story well and conveys its significance skillfully in Antietam Crossroads of FreedomLong before publishing Antietam Crossroads of Freedom in 2002 McPherson of Princeton University had Pregnant By My Father In Law long since established himself as the pre eminent Civil War historian of this generation His 1988 book Battle Cry of Freedom The Civil War Era a Pulitzer Prize winner and bestseller was uickly embraced as the single volume history of the Civil War McPherson whose earlier books included several works on African Americans contributions to the Union cause also won praise for the manner in which he has consistently called attention to slavery as the true cause of the Civil War his work provides a welcome anodyne to Lost Cause and neo Confederate approaches to the war and itsegacyIn an introductory essay titled Death in September McPherson provides a grim reminder of just how bloody a day Antietam was The 6300 to 6500 Union and Confederate soldiers killed and mortally wounded near the Maryland village of Sharpsburg on September 17 1862 were than twice the number of fatalities suffered in the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11 2001 p 3 After citing the testimony of a number of veterans who attest that they Controlled Burn Scarred Hearts 1 lived through many battles but never experienced anything uiteike Antietam McPherson proceeds to a uick and succinct consideration of the Maryland Campaign and the Battle of AntietamDoing so however reuires a bit of backstory Any discussion of this phase of Civil War history will inevitably involve attention to the mercurial character of Union General George B McClellan He was a great organizer after the disastrous Union defeat at the July 1861 Battle of Bull Run or Battle of Manassas he had re formed the defeated Union forces as the Army of the Potomac and had restored their morale in the process but he seemed singularly irresolute in his actual exercise of battlefield command He could forge the sword but he seemed unable to wield it McClellan was also afflicted with an unfortunate tendency to step outside his military responsibilities and dabble in politics he despised President Abraham Lincoln and expressed freely his opinion that Union victory in the Civil War should eave the institution of slavery untouched Moreover McClellan sought to promote officers he saw as friends
"And To Act Against Officers "to act against officers he thought might favor Lincoln andor abolition Under these circumstances it is no wonder that while the Army of the Potomac suffered one reverse after another in the Seven Days battles around Richmond the poison of party politics and army politics had seeped deeper into the Army of the Potomac p 53 President Lincoln meanwhile had drafted a preliminary proclamation emancipating all enslaved people in areas then in rebellion against the United States of America but he knew that he could not issue the proclamation unless and until McClellan s army gained some sort of victory over Lee s armyMeanwhile none of the difficulties of a personality ike McClellan s marred the relationship between Robert E Lee and his president Jefferson Davis After fighting and defeating the Union army of General John Pope in a second battle at ManassasBull Run Lee outlined to Davis his reasons for a proposed Confederate invasion of MarylandThe possible benefits of such an invasion from Lee s point of view were many relieving ravaged Virginia of the pressures of war while securing fresh supplies from bounteous Maryland gaining new recruits from Maryland and possibly encouraging that border state to secede and join the Confederacy depressing Union morale by taking the war into the North with possible effects on upcoming congressional elections gaining through a victory on Northern soil European recognition of the Confederacy and perhaps European intervention on the Confederacy s behalf Davis assented to Lee s proposal and the die was cast McPherson captures well the drama of that moment of invasion orchestrated by Lee Great eventsawaited the outcome of Lee s decision to cross the Potomac victory or defeat foreign intervention Lincoln s emancipation proclamation Northern elections the very willingness of the Northern people to keep fighting for the UnionDestiny awaited those tired ragged sh. Openly talking of recognizing the Confederacy and brokering a peace between North and South Northern armies and voters were demoralized And Lincoln had shelved his proposed edict of emancipation months before waiting for a victory that had not come that some thought would never comeBoth Confederate and Union troops knew the war was at a crossroads that they were marching toward a decisive battle It came along the ridges and in the woods and cornfields between Antietam Creek and the Potomac River Valor misjudgment and astonishing coincidence all played a role in the outcome McPherson vividly describes a day of savage fighting in ocal. A New Birth Of Freedom And Its CostOn September 17 1862 the Army of the Potomac commanded by General George B McClellan met the Army of Northern Virginia commanded by Robert E Lee in the fields near Sharpsburg Maryland The result was the Battle of Antietam the bloodiest day in American history and a pivotal moment of the Civil War The battle ended the Confederacy s first invasion of the North and gave President Lincoln the opportunity to issue the Emancipation ProclamationIn his short study Crossroads of Freedom Professor McPherson weaves together many strands in discussing the significance of the battle First he places the battle against the backdrop of the prior military course of the war both in the Eastern and the Western theaters He points out how Union successes in the early part of 1862 were followed by serious defeats in the Seven Days Battle and Second Manassas with the tide of the war turning to the Confederacy Although the South would again invade the North culminating in the Battle of Gettysburg Antietam was a clear check to Southern momentum It gave the Union the courage will and political force to fight onSecond Professor McPherson emphasizes the role of the European powers England and France in the Civil War These nations followed events in America closely and were economically at risk from the oss of Southern cotton for their textile mills They Rain Valley likely would have recognized the Confederacy if the results of the first invasion of the North had favored the ConfederacyThird and probably most importantly to his theme Professor McPherson discusses the role of Antietam in the changing character of the Civil War President Lincoln was opposed to slavery but his initial war aims did not include freeing the slaves Rather he wished to hold the Union together As the War continued Lincoln became convinced of the necessity of issuing an Emancipation Proclamation but believed that he needed a military success to give the Proclamation force and credibility The victory at Antietam narrow as it was and tremendous as was its human cost gave him that opportunityEmancipation was indeed a new birth of freedom It also as Professor McPherson points out changed the character of the War from one with the aim of trying to persuade the South to come back to a state of total War which changed the character of a culture and redefined the nature of freedom in the United StatesProfessor McPherson s book is part of a series called Pivotal Moments in American History whose aim is to encourage interest in problems of historical contingency There was a great deal of chance involved in the Battle of Antietam so than in most military campaigns There were also military blunders on both sides During the course of the southern invasion the Union discovered by chance a copy of General Lee s Special Order No 179 which had been dropped in a field Special Order No 179 detailed Lee s disposition of his troops and gave General McClellan the opportunity to attack in series each detachment of Lee s divided army This was crucial to the result at Antietam But McClellan missed the opportunity to win a decisive victory and bring an end to the War Human error and chance play a great role in human events But Professor McPherson might have done well to refer to Lincoln s Second Inaugural Address and compared Lincoln s reflections on the role of providence with the blind chance thated to the Union finding of Special Order No 179There is only a short description of the battle of Antietam itself The focus of the study is putting the Battle in The focus of the study is putting the Battle in historical and political context rather than in a detailed analysis of military moves Nevertheless I found Professor McPherson s description of the battle as well as his descriptions of the Seven Days Battle and Second Manassas easier to follow than detailed studies I have read Professor McPherson gives a good annotated bibliography which refers the reader interested in a military study of the battle to detailed accountsThis is an excellent study of the Battle of Antietam which places it well in the context of the Civil War and which encourages the reader to reflect on the meaning of the War and of the nature of American freedomRobin Friedman Does a brilliant job of Our Fight looking at the meaning of the battle of AntietamI have nearly 90 books that cover the Civil War on my bookshelf Most books that cover the Civil War compartmentalize the battles intoittle chapters with titles Ordinary Objects like Chancellorsville Antietam and Shiloh The battles are thoroughly covered but the feel for thearger flow of the war is sacrificedIn Crossroads of Freedom Antietam 1862 McPherson dramatically sweeps the reader along and I was eft with a renewed sense of amazement and respect for the fact that Lee s Army
*of northern virginia *Northern Virginia able to fight et alo I just flew through this book A very uick informative read Really enjoyed it Earlier in the book I was tempted to give this 4 stars but as the book raced as in whoosh to an end I simply felt way too much ground was being covered in too short a space 156 pages excluding endnotes etc On the good side Crossroads of Freedom Antietam is a marvel of economy McPherson knows his subject inside and
"Out I Ve Read "I ve read The Battle of Antietam fought on September 17 1862 was the bloodiest single day in American history with than 6000 soldiers killed four times the number Stranputice Ljubavi lost on D Day and twice the number killed in the September 11th terrorist attacks In Crossroads of Freedom America's most eminent Civil War historian James M McPherson paints a masterful account of this pivotal battle the events thated up to it and its aftermathAs McPherson shows by September 1862 the survival of the United States was in doubt The Union had suffered a string of defeats and Robert E Lee's army was in Maryland poised to threaten Washington The British government was. ,